The Ottawa Internet Exchange is involved in a number of research activities
related to Internet operations and architecture. Some of these projects
are run locally for the benefit of the OttIX community while others are
done in a collaborative nature with others on the Internet. Some of these
projects are described here.
- Network Visualisations
Until very recently, there was no satisfactory way to depict how OttIX looked like
in a very detailed manner, or answer the more important question: Just how many
devices connect through OttIX and can reach each other? Through two separate
studies, it was found that the device population (some of which are NATs which
hide even more) exceeded 440,000. However, pictures are worth a thousand words:
And below we see 2017 data using another algorithm:
An untapped market of customers awaits.
- OARC DSC
- OttIX contributes data from its AS112
node to the DNS-OARC's
DSC Monitor framework
to aid in the analysis of DNS behaviours to detect network misuse.
- 6to4 Anycast
OttIX runs a public 6to4 [RFC3056] [RFC3068] server
which has been made available not only Canada-wide via the CANARIE network but also to OttIX users as well.
6to4 is an IPv6 transition technology designed
to interconnect isolated islands of IPv6 computers over the IPv4-only Internet.
OttIX has created a statistics page to demonstrate the use of its server.
OttIX contributes traceroute data to the IXmaps project which seeks to map the path Canadian-sourced and -destined traffic
takes. Most results show that traffic doesn't stay in Canada, so the object
is to document this.
- IX BGP Table Analysis
OttIX has been running long-term BGP table analysis of its tables, using
a tool courtesy of Geoff Huston.
- unicast BGP from the OttIX route server, where all ISPs announce their routes to the exchange.
- Multicast BGP routes reachable at OttIX.
- Multicast Source Analysis
Since the beginning OttIX has been connected to the inter-domain Multicast
part of the Internet. One of the ways it can demonstrate this and assist
others in seeing if they are connected is to setup a number of beacons.
These beacons transmit Multicast packets to the network and in turn listen
and list fellow beacons heard on this network.
- IPv4 Multicast Beacon.
- IPv6 Multicast Beacon via SWITCH RP.
- IPv4 Multicast Beacon via SWITCH.
- Multicast IPv4 Session Announcements
Real-time snapshots of inter-domain Multicast IPv4 session announcements
are captured every minute. These snapshots
permit OttIX to monitor sessions to see what Multicast sources are available
from around the world, be they video or audio.
Although not directly involved in the Web10g
project, OttIX runs specialized kernels using Web10g technology. This optimizes
the use of certain OttIX services, like its USENET news server and AdUni
local mirror so that bulk data can be transmitted more efficiently. Incidentally, the onboard instrumentation allows OttIX to offer unique tools to aid
in troubleshooting network problems.
Copyright 2017 The Ottawa Internet Exchange.